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About Global Investments 6th Edition Book PDF

Global Investments, the Sixth Edition of the previously titled International Investments, provides accessible coverage of international capital markets using numerous examples to illustrate the applications of concepts and theories. The new title reflects the current understanding that the distinction between domestic and international is no longer relevant and that asset management is global.
This book is ideal for CFA(R) (Chartered Financial Analyst) candidates, advanced finance undergraduates, and MBA individuals, and it has been selected by the CFA Institute as part of the curriculum to deliver the Candidate Body of Knowledge for the CFA. The text is also widely used by professionals working in the investments area, as the level is accessible to readers and portfolio managers without recent training in portfolio theory. 

Table of Contents of Global Investments 6th Edition PDF

Preface xix
Chapter 1 Currency Exchange Rates 1
Learning Outcomes 1
Currency Exchange Rate Quotations 3
Direct and Indirect Quotations 4
Cross-Rate Calculations 5
Forex Market and Quotation Conventions 6
Bid-Ask (Offer) Quotes and Spreads 8
Cross-Rate Calculations with Bid-Ask Spreads 10
No-Arbitrage Conditions with Exchange Rates 12
Forward Quotes 14
Interest Rate Parity: The Forward Discount and the Interest
Rate Differential 15
Forward Exchange Rate Calculations with Bid-Ask Spreads 20
Summary 22
Problems 23
Chapter 2 Foreign Exchange Parity Relations 27
Learning Outcomes 27
Foreign Exchange Fundamentals 28
Supply and Demand for Foreign Exchange 28
Balance of Payments 30
Current Account Deficits and Financial Account Surpluses 31
Factors Affecting the Financial Account 33
Government Policies: Monetary and Fiscal 35
Exchange Rate Regimes 36
International Parity Relations 38
Some Definitions 39
Interest Rate Parity 40
Purchasing Power Parity: The Exchange Rate and the Inflation
Differential 40
International Fisher Relation: The Interest Rate and Expected Inflation
Rate Differentials 42
VII
viii Contents
Uncovered Interest Rate Parity 44
Foreign Exchange Expectations: The Forward Premium (Discount) and the
Expected Exchange Rate Movement 46
Combining the Relations 48
International Parity Relations and
Global Asset Management 48
Exchange Rate Determination 50
Purchasing Power Parity Revisited 51
Fundamental Value Based on Absolute PPP 51
Fundamental Value Based on Relative PPP 54
The Balance of Payments Approach 56
The Asset Market Approach 61
Summary 68
Problems 70
Bibliography 74
Chapter 3 Foreign Exchange Determination and
Forecasting 75
Learning Outcomes 75
International Monetary Arrangements 76
A Historical Perspective 76
The Empirical Evidence 83
Interest Rate Parity 83
International Fisher Relation 84
Purchasing Power Parity 85
Foreign Exchange Expectations 88
Practical Implications 90
Exchange Rate Forecasting 91
Is the Market Efficient and Rational? 92
The Econometric Approach 94
Technical Analysis 95
Central Bank Intervention 97
The Use and Performance of Forecasts 99
Summary 102
Problems 103
Bibliography 106
Chapter 3 Appendix: Statistical Supplements on Forecasting Asset Returns 109
Some Notations 109
Traditional Statistical Models with Constant Moments 110
Traditional Statistical Models with Time-Varying Moments 111
Nontraditional Models 113
Data Mining, Data Snooping, and Model Mining 115
Contents ix
Chapter 4 International Asset Pricing 117
Learning Outcomes 117
International Market Efficiency 118
Asset Pricing Theory 121
The Domestic Capital Asset Pricing Model 121
Asset Returns and Exchange Rate Movements 123
The Domestic CAPM Extended to the International Context 125
International CAPM 126
Market Imperfections and Segmentation 135
Practical Implications 136
A Global Approach to Equilibrium Pricing 136
Estimating Currency Exposures 139
Tests of the ICAPM 146
Summary 148
Problems 151
Bibliography 155
Chapter 5 Equity: Markets and Instruments 157
Learning Outcomes 157
Market Differences: A Historical Perspective 158
Historical Differences in Market Organization 159
Historical Differences in Trading Procedures 159
Automation on the Major Stock Exchanges 161
Some Statistics 167
Market Size 167
Liquidity 170
Concentration 171
Some Practical Aspects 171
Tax Aspects 172
Stock Market Indexes 172
Information 176
Execution Costs 177
Components of Execution Costs 177
Estimation and Uses of Execution Costs 179
Some Approaches to Reducing Execution Costs 182
Investing in Foreign Shares Listed at Home 185
Global Shares and American Depositary Receipts 185
Motivation for Multiple Listing 186
Foreign Listing and ADRs 186
Closed-End Country Funds 189
Open-End Funds 193
Exchange Traded Funds 193
Contents
Summary 196
Problems 197
Bibliography 202
Chapter 6 Equity: Concepts and Techniques 203
Learning Outcomes 203
Approaching International Analysis 204
The Information Problem 205
A Vision of the World 206
Differences in National Accounting Standards 207
Historical Setting 208
International Harmonization of Accounting Practices 209
Differences in Global Standards 212
The Effects of Accounting Principles on Earnings and Stock Prices 215
Global Industry Analysis 217
Country Analysis 217
Industry Analysis: Return Expectation Elements 222
Industry Analysis: Risk Elements 227
Equity Analysis 232
Global Risk Factors in Security Returns 242
Risk-Factor Model: Industry and Country Factors 246
Other Risk Factors: Styles 24 7
Other Risk Factors: Macroeconomic 24 7
Practical Use of Factor Models 249
Summary 251
Problems 252
Bibliography 257
Chapter 7 Global Bond Investing 256
Learning Outcomes 256
The Global Bond Market 260
The Various Segments 260
World Market Size 262
Bond Indexes 263
The International Bond Market 264
Emerging Markets and Brady Bonds 269
Major Differences Among Bond Markets 271
Types of Investments 271
Quotations, Day Count, and Frequency of Coupons 272
Legal and Fiscal Aspects 2 74
A Refresher on Bond Valuation 276
Zero-Coupon Bonds 276
Bond with Coupons 278
Contents xi
Duration and Interest Rate Sensitivity 280
Credit Spreads 282
Multicurrency Approach 284
International Yield Curve Comparisons 284
The Return and Risk on Foreign Bond Investments 287
Currency-Hedging Strategies 288
International Portfolio Strategies 289
Floating-Rate Notes and Structured Notes 293
Floating-Rates Notes (FRNs) 294
BullFRNs 300
Bear FRNs 302
Dual-Currency Bonds 302
Currency-Option Bonds 306
Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs) 307
Summary 310
Problems 312
Bibliography 316
Chapter 8 Alternative Investments 317
Learning Outcomes 317
Investment Companies 319
Valuing Investment Company Shares 320
Fund Management Fees 320
Investment Strategies 320
Exchange Traded Funds 323
Real Estate 332
Forms of Real Estate Investment 333
Valuation Approaches 334
Real Estate in a Portfolio Context 342
Private Equity 344
Stages of Venture Capital Investing 346
Investment Characteristics 347
Types of Liquidation/Divestment 348
Valuation and Performance Measurement 349
Hedge Funds and Absolute Return Strategies 351
Definition of Hedge Funds 351
Classification 354
Funds of Funds 357
Leverage and Unique Risks of Hedge Funds 359
Hedge Funds Universe and Indexes 360
The Case for Investing in Hedge Funds 363
Closely Held Companies and Inactively Traded Securities 366
Legal Environment 366
Valuation Alternatives 367
Bases for Discounts/Premiums 367
xii Contents
Distressed Securities/Bankruptcies 368
Commodity Markets and Commodity Derivatives 369
Commodity Futures 369
Motivation and Investment Vehicles 370
Active Investment 371
The Example of Gold 3 72
Commodity-Linked Securities 373
Summary 375
Problems 378
Bibliography 383
Chapter 9 The Case for International
Diversification 385
Learning Outcomes 385
The Traditional Case for International Diversification 388
Risk Reduction through Attractive Correlations 388
Portfolio Return Performance 398
Currency Risk Not a Barrier to International Investment 406
The Case against International Diversification 407
Increase in Correlations 407
Past Performance Is a Good Indicator of
Future Performance 411
Barriers to International Investments 411
The Case for International Diversification Revisited 415
Pitfalls in Estimating Correlation During Volatile Periods 415
Expanded Investment Universe and Performance
Opportunities 417
Global Investing Rather Than International Diversification 418
The Case for Emerging Markets 421
The Basic Case 421
Volatility, Correlations, and Currency Risk 422
Portfolio Return Performance 423
Investability of Emerging Markets 424
Segmentation versus Integration Issue 425
Summary 425
Problems 427
Bibliography 430
Chapter 10 Derivatives: Risk Management with
Speculation, Hedging, and Risk
Transfer 433
Learning Outcomes 433
Forward and Futures 434
Contents xiii
The Principles of a Forward and a Futures Contract 434
The Different Instruments 43 7
Forward and Futures Valuation 444
Use of Forward and Futures 44 7
Swaps 453
The Principles of a Swap 453
The Different Instruments 454
Swaps Valuation 456
Use of Swaps 460
Options 464
Introduction to Options 464
The Different Instruments 466
Option Valuation 468
Use of Options 473
Summary 476
Problems 478
Bibliography 483
Chapter 11 Currency Risk Management 485
Learning Outcomes 485
Hedging with Futures or Forward Currency Contracts 486
The Basic Approach: Hedging the Principal 487
Minimum-Variance Hedge Ratio 490 *
The Influence of the Basis 494
Implementing Hedging Strategies 496
Hedging Multiple Currencies 497
Insuring and Hedging with Options 499
Insuring with Options 499
Dynamic Hedging with Options 500
Implementation 504
Other Methods for Managing Currency Exposure 505
Strategic and Tactical Currency Management 509
Strategic Hedge Ratio 509
Currency Overlay 512
Currencies as an Asset Class 514
Summary 515
Problems 516
Bibliography 521 ,
Chapter 12 Global Performance Evaluation 523
Learning Outcomes 523
The Basics 524
Principles and Objectives 524
Calculating a Rate of Return 52 7
xiv Contents
Performance Attribution in Global Performance Evaluation 534
The Mathematics of Multicurrency Returns 535
Total-Return Decomposition 537
Performance Attribution 540
More on Currency Management 545
Multiperiod Attribution Analysis 548
An Example of Output 555
Performance Appraisal in Global Performance Evaluation 557
Risk 557
Risk-Adjusted Performance 559
Risk Allocation and Budgeting 562
Some Potential Biases in Return and Risk 563
Implementation of Performance Evaluation 565
More on Global Benchmarks 565
Global Investment Performance Standards and Other Performance
Presentation Standards 568
Summary 570
Problems 571
Bibliography 579
Chapter 13 Structuring the Global Investment
Process 581
Learning Outcomes 581
A Tour of the Global Investment Industry 582
Investors 582
Investment Managers 584
Brokers 585
Consultants and Advisers 585
Custodians 587
Global Investment Philosophies 587
The Passive Approach 587
The Active Approach 589
Balanced or Specialized 590
Industry or Country Approach 591
Top-Down or Bottom-Up 591
Style Management 592
Currency 593
Quantitative or Subjective 594 ‘
The Investment Policy Statement 595
Capital Market Expectations 600
Defining Asset Classes 603
Long-Term Capital Market Expectations: Historical Returns 603
Long-Term Capital Market Expectations: Forward-Looking Returns 605
Short-Term Capital Market Expectations 608
Contents xv
Global Asset Allocation: From Strategic to Tactical 610
Strategic Asset A llocation 610
Tactical Asset Allocation 614
Global Asset Allocation: Structuring and Quantifying the Process 615
Research and Market Analysis 617
Asset Allocation Optimization 619
Portfolio Construction 620
Performance and Risk Control 620
Summary 624
Problems 625
Bibliography 627
Glossary 629
Index 643

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